Mountains are beautiful forms of nature that can be found all over the world. Not only are they beautiful to look at, but they also offer many challenges for adventurous people who enjoy climbing, hiking and skiing. Some people enjoy looking at mountains because they are so beautiful and impressive. They can give a sense of peace and tranquility, especially when surrounded by natural landscapes such as forests, lakes and rivers.
In addition, mountains are also interesting from a scientific point of view. They can teach us a lot about the geology of an area and how it has evolved over millions of years. Mountains are also important for maintaining biodiversity, as they are home to many unique plant and animal species.
In short, mountains are interesting for people who love nature, adventure and science. They offer us a unique opportunity to discover and understand our world in a different way.
In this article we look at the 10 countries whose surface area has the most mountains in percentage terms. The number one has almost 100% mountains!
10.Nepal – 80.7%
Nepal, a country known for its high mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. Mount Everest has a height of 8848 meters. Other famous mountains in Nepal are the Annapurna, the Dhaulagiri and the Manaslu.
- Lebanon – 81.1%
Lebanon has many mountains and is often considered one of the most mountainous countries in the Middle East. The mountains in Lebanon are mainly located in the north and center of the country, and are part of the western mountain chain that follows the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
The most famous mountain range in Lebanon is the Lebanon Mountains. This mountain range is home to more than 20 peaks above 3,000 meters, including the highest mountain Qurnat as Sawda’, with a height of 3,088 meters. The Anti-Lebanon Mountains are another mountain range that is located in Lebanon. These mountains are mainly located on the border with Syria and are one of the largest mountain ranges in the Middle East.
- Switzerland – 83.6%
The high mountains in Switzerland are part of the Alps. The highest mountain in Switzerland is the Dufourspitze, with a height of 4634 meters. Other well-known mountains in Switzerland are the Matterhorn, the Eiger and the Jungfrau.
- North Macedonia – 85.5%
The mountains in North Macedonia are mainly located in the west of the country and are an important feature of the landscape. The main mountain range in North Macedonia is the Shar Planina, also known as the Šar Mountains. This mountain range is one of the highest in the Balkans and straddles the border between North Macedonia, Kosovo and Albania.
The highest mountain in North Macedonia is Titov Vrv with a height of 2,747 meters. The Shar Planina is also home to many other mountain peaks, including Korab, the highest mountain in the entire Balkans with a height of 2,764 meters.
In addition, there is also the Osogovo Mountains, which is another important mountain range in North Macedonia. This mountain range borders Bulgaria and offers many opportunities for outdoor activities.
- Armenia – 85.9%
The mountains in Armenia are an important feature of the landscape. The main mountain range in Armenia is the Aragats Mountains, which is home to the highest mountain in Armenia Aragats with a height of 4,090 meters. This mountain is a so-called stratovolcano. In addition, there is also the Geghama Mountains, which are located in the east of Armenia.
5.Montenegro – 89.3%
The main mountain range in Montenegro is the Durmitor Mountains, which are located in the northwest of the country. The Durmitor Mountains are home to many high peaks, including Bobotov Kuk, the highest mountain in Montenegro with a height of 2,522 meters.
The Prokletije Mountains or the ‘Rejected’ Mountains, is also an important mountain range in Montenegro. This mountain range stretches across Montenegro, Albania and Kosovo.
- Lesotho- 90.5%
Completely surrounded by South Africa, Lesotho is known for its mountainous landscape, with many tall peaks covering much of the country. The main mountain range in Lesotho is the Drakensberg Range, which is located in the east of the country. The Drakensberg Mountains contain high peaks, including Thabana Ntlenyana, the highest mountain in both Lesotho and South Africa with an elevation of 3,482 meters.
- Kyrgyzstan – 90.7%
Kyrgyzstan has a mountainous and rugged landscape. The main mountain range in Kyrgyzstan is the Tien Shan Mountains, where the highest mountain in Kyrgyzstan, Victory Peak with a height of 7,439 meters, is located. The Ismoil Somoni (7,495 m) is certainly not a low mountain in this area. The Tien Shan is one of the largest mountain ranges in the Middle East and stretches across Kyrgyzstan, China, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
In addition, there are other mountain ranges such as the Pamir-Alay Mountains which are located in the south of Kyrgyzstan, including the Peak Lenin with an altitude of 7,134 meters
- Tajikistan – 91.9%
The main mountain range in Tajikistan is the Pamir Mountains, also known as the ” Roof of the World”. These mountain ranges stretch across the borders of Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China and Kyrgyzstan. The highest mountain in Tajikistan and also in ex-Soviet countries is Ismoil Somoni Peak (7,495 m).
In addition, there are other mountain ranges such as the Zeravshan range, which is located in western Tajikistan and is home to the Anzob Pass (3,372m). This pass is one of the main roads between the cities of Dushanbe and Khujand.
- Bhutan – 98.8%
Bhutan consists of no less than 98.8% mountain landscape. Bhutan is famous for its Himalayan ranges of which the highest mountain in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum with an elevation of 7,570 meters. However, this mountain is not accessible for rock climbing due to religious reasons. The main mountain range in Bhutan is the Himalayan ranges, with many high peaks such as Jomolhari, Gangkhar Puensum, Masagang, Tsherimgang, Backgang.
The mountains in Bhutan are also important for agriculture and livestock, with many farms and pastures located on the slopes of the mountains.