List of Political Parties in Madagascar

Political Landscape in Madagascar: Major Political Parties

Madagascar, a diverse island nation located in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa, has a complex and evolving political landscape. Madagascar’s political scene has been characterized by a variety of parties representing different ideologies, interests, and historical trajectories. Let’s delve into the major political parties that have played significant roles in shaping Madagascar’s governance and policies.

**1. IRD (Isika Rehetra miaraka amin’i Andry Rajoelina) – We Are All in Favor of Andry Rajoelina: According to ITYPEUSA, IRD, also known as “Mapar,” is a political movement founded by Andry Rajoelina, who became the President of Madagascar in 2019. The movement emphasizes economic development, social progress, and political stability. Rajoelina’s leadership has aimed to address issues such as poverty, corruption, and infrastructure development.

**2. TIM (Tiako I Madagasikara) – I Love Madagascar: TIM, led by former President Marc Ravalomanana, is one of the major political parties in Madagascar. Ravalomanana served as president from 2002 to 2009 and was later ousted from power. The party supports democratic governance, economic growth, and social development. TIM advocates for the rule of law and has a strong base of support among various segments of the population.

**3. AVI (Avenir de la Vie) – Future of Life: AVI, founded by Hery Rajaonarimampianina, who served as President of Madagascar from 2014 to 2019, focuses on issues related to good governance, economic progress, and social welfare. The party promotes policies aimed at poverty reduction, education, and healthcare improvement.

**4. IRD (Ivavahana ho an’ny Repoblika Demokratika) – Malagasy Democratic Republican Party: This IRD party, founded by Didier Ratsiraka, who was Madagascar’s President during multiple terms, has experienced shifts in its political positions over the years. Ratsiraka’s tenure was marked by both achievements and controversies. The party’s influence has waned in recent years.

**5. HVM (Hery Vaovao ho an’i Madagasikara) – New Force for Madagascar: HVM, formerly led by Hery Rajaonarimampianina, emerged as a political force after Rajaonarimampianina’s presidency. The party focuses on national development, social progress, and economic stability. It seeks to address issues such as poverty reduction and infrastructure improvement.

**6. RPSD (Ravalo Party Solidarity Democrats): Led by Roland Ratsiraka, a political figure and nephew of former President Didier Ratsiraka, the RPSD emphasizes stability, development, and social welfare. The party seeks to address the needs and aspirations of the population through its policy platforms.

**7. DTS (Democratic Turnover Party): DTS, founded by Pety Rakotoniaina, has sought to create a space for political dialogue and competition. It aims to provide an alternative voice in Madagascar’s political landscape and promote democratic governance.

**8. Green Party: The Green Party in Madagascar focuses on environmental protection, sustainable development, and social justice. It advocates for policies aimed at conserving Madagascar’s unique biodiversity while addressing the challenges of poverty and inequality.

**9. LEADER/Fanilo (Liberal Democratic Party): LEADER/Fanilo, founded by Monja Roindefo, aims to promote liberal democracy, economic growth, and good governance. The party emphasizes the importance of political pluralism and the rule of law.

**10. MAPAR (Miaraka Amin’ny President Andry Rajoelina) – Together with President Andry Rajoelina: This MAPAR is distinct from the IRD movement mentioned earlier. MAPAR is a coalition of political parties that supported Andry Rajoelina’s bid for the presidency in 2018. The coalition advocates for policies related to economic development, job creation, and social progress.

Conclusion: Madagascar’s political landscape is characterized by a range of parties with diverse ideologies, historical backgrounds, and policy priorities. The country has experienced political shifts, transitions, and challenges over the years. The major political parties mentioned above have played significant roles in shaping Madagascar’s governance and policies, reflecting the nation’s complex political journey. As with any evolving political scene, staying updated on the latest developments is essential to understand the ongoing shifts and trends within Madagascar’s political landscape.

Capital City of Madagascar

Antananarivo: The Vibrant Heart of Madagascar

Nestled among rolling hills and surrounded by lush landscapes, Antananarivo, often referred to as Tana, serves as the bustling capital city of Madagascar. This vibrant metropolis is a captivating blend of historical charm, cultural diversity, and modern dynamism. Let’s explore the facets that make Antananarivo a unique and significant center of Madagascar’s identity and development.

Historical Roots:

According to COUNTRYAAH, Antananarivo’s history dates back to the 17th century when King Andrianjaka established a fortress on the Analamanga hill. The city grew around this stronghold and gradually became the center of political and cultural life in Madagascar.

Queen’s Palace (Rova):

The Rova, also known as the Queen’s Palace, stands as a symbol of Antananarivo’s royal history. The palace complex, perched on a hill overlooking the city, was once the residence of the Merina monarchs. While much of the complex was destroyed by a fire in 1995, efforts are ongoing to restore this historic landmark.

Cultural Heritage:

Antananarivo’s cultural diversity is reflected in its architecture, traditions, and daily life. The city is a melting pot of various ethnic groups, each contributing to its vibrant cultural tapestry. Markets, street vendors, and traditional ceremonies offer a glimpse into the local way of life.

Ambohimanga: Royal Hillside Retreat:

A short distance from Antananarivo lies Ambohimanga, a UNESCO World Heritage site and a place of great historical and cultural significance. This hillside retreat was a favored residence of Malagasy kings and is known for its stone architecture, royal tombs, and serene atmosphere.

Street Markets and Craftsmanship:

Antananarivo’s markets, such as the Zoma Market, offer a colorful and bustling experience where locals gather to buy and sell a variety of goods, from fresh produce to handicrafts. The city is known for its traditional crafts, including wood carving, textiles, and jewelry.

Independence Avenue (Avenue de l’Indépendance):

This iconic avenue is lined with historical buildings, shops, and cafes, offering a lively atmosphere for both locals and visitors. Independence Avenue is a hub of activity and an excellent starting point for exploring the city.

Tsimbazaza Zoological and Botanical Garden:

The Tsimbazaza Zoo showcases Madagascar’s unique biodiversity, allowing visitors to observe native animal species up close. The adjacent botanical garden features diverse plant species and provides a tranquil retreat from the city’s hustle and bustle.

Sacred Sites and Religious Diversity:

Antananarivo is home to various religious sites that reflect Madagascar’s spiritual diversity. The Andohalo Cathedral, the Mosque of Andohalo, and the Faravohitra Church stand as testament to the coexistence of different faiths in the city.

Modern Districts:

While deeply rooted in history, Antananarivo also embraces modernity. The modern districts, such as Ankorondrano and Ivandry, are known for their shopping malls, business centers, and international restaurants, catering to both residents and visitors.

Cultural Events and Festivals:

Antananarivo comes alive with cultural events and celebrations that showcase Madagascar’s artistic talents, traditional performances, and diverse cultural expressions. Festivals such as Independence Day and the Fête de l’Indépendance celebrate the nation’s heritage.

Challenges and Opportunities:

As with many developing capitals, Antananarivo faces challenges such as urbanization, traffic congestion, and infrastructure development. However, the city also offers opportunities for economic growth, cultural exchange, and the preservation of its unique identity.


Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, is a city that harmoniously blends history, culture, and progress. From its royal heritage to its bustling markets, sacred sites, and modern districts, the city encapsulates the essence of Madagascar’s diverse identity and aspirations. As with any evolving destination, staying updated on the latest developments is essential to fully appreciate the ongoing transformation of this captivating capital.