Bulgaria History - Byzantine Rule (1018-1185)
Europe

Bulgaria History – Byzantine Rule (1018-1185)

State of south-eastern Europe, located between the lower course of the Danube and the Greek peninsula, on the shores of the Black Sea. The medieval Bulgaria included the northern and central regions of the Balkans, corresponding to the territory previously occupied by the provinces. Illyrians of the Roman Empire: Lower and Upper Moesia, Mediterranean Dacia […]

Bulgaria History - First Kingdom of Bulgaria
Europe

Bulgaria History – First Kingdom of Bulgaria

With the foundation of the Bulgarian kingdom around 679 and its recognition by Byzantium following the peace treaty of 681, the era of the great Migrations in the Balkan peninsula ended, with the ethnic, social and cultural changes it had brought about. Towards the seventies of the century. 7 ° in the Bulgaria danubiana came […]

Bulgaria Folklore
Europe

Bulgaria Folklore

Extremely varied elements and influences are found in Bulgarian customs and rites: Thracians, Veteroslavs, Byzantines, Romans. Many of the religious holidays and many of the pagan cults were replaced with the rites of the new Christian religion. In them, however, it is possible to see some of the ancient pagan traces. The same songs that […]

Bulgaria Folk Arts
Europe

Bulgaria Folk Arts

The origins of Bulgarian folk art must be sought from the ancient Proto-Bulgarian Slavs. Gradually this art in its development undergoes the influence of foreign elements: residues of Roman and Hellenic culture, influences of the Byzantine and oriental Christianesimn, later still echoes of the West with its styles: Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo. However, even by imbuing […]

Bulgaria Finance
Europe

Bulgaria Finance

Already in the years preceding the war, Bulgaria, a poor and recently formed country, had had to make extensive use of loans (internal and above all foreign), not only to cover extraordinary expenses, such as construction of roads, railways, ports, etc., but also to offset the excess of ordinary expenses over ordinary revenues, despite the […]

Bulgaria Encyclopedia for Children
Europe

Bulgaria Encyclopedia for Children

Bulgaria The southeast passage between Europe and Asia Typically Balkan region – of passage and mixture between Europe and Asia – Bulgaria has been for centuries in the balance between West and East, between Slavic culture and Turkish culture. The recent democratic transformation of the political-economic system has not been without difficulties for Bulgaria, which […]

Australia Agriculture
Oceania

Australia Agriculture and Livestock

Livestock breeding. – The English Lieutenant Macarthur, was the first to introduce in a practical way the breeding of sheep, which is now the country’s greatest wealth; he obtained in 1797 merino sheep from the Cape Colony and some others from the royal flocks of London, and a large concession of land was given to […]

Australia Arts
Oceania

Australia Arts

According to Listofusnewspapers, art in Australia has long maintained a conservative character: even when he completed his studies in Paris and London, until the first half of the 20th century. Australian artists have generally adhered to academic and naturalistic ways. Thus M. Meldrum (1875-1955), who through his didactic activity had a lasting influence, imposing a […]

Australia During World War II
Oceania

Australia During World War II

The industrialization of the country, already advanced before the war (work in industry: 1933, 21%; 1937, 40%), reached its peak in the first years of the war (see below), then decreased, compared to primary production, with the intervention of the United States, but in the post-war period it was able to maintain an almost constant […]

Australia Economy and Population 1988
Oceania

Australia Economy and Population 1988

Population. – In 1988, the celebration of the bicentenary of the landing of the first settlers in the Sydney area allowed the country to measure its international position. Not only its mines, farms and sugar cane plantations on the Sugar Coast, but above all its cities, offered significant images. At the end of the 1980s the […]